At Kinematic all our frames are designed by degreed engineers in the United States using advanced modeling and simulation software. We have been able to leverage our classical engineering training to produce some of the sickest bikes within the performance gearbox space. Our manufacturers are fully vetted and boast over 20 years of experience tig welding titanium frame bicycles. All our frames are made from TIG welded grade 9 titanium. All our testing exceeds the standards set by CPSC.